The National Institute of Mental Health gives an overview of the symptoms associated with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and diagnostic approaches.
Signs & Symptoms
People with OCD generally:
- Have repeated thoughts or images about many different things, such as fear of germs, dirt, or intruders; acts of violence; hurting loved ones; sexual acts; conflicts with religious beliefs; or being overly tidy
- Do the same rituals over and over such as washing hands, locking and unlocking doors, counting, keeping unneeded items, or repeating the same steps again and again
- Can’t control the unwanted thoughts and behaviors
- Don’t get pleasure when performing the behaviors or rituals, but get brief relief from the anxiety the thoughts cause
- Spend at least 1 hour a day on the thoughts and rituals, which cause distress and get in the way of daily life.
The course of the disease is quite varied. Symptoms may come and go, ease over time, or get worse. If OCD becomes severe, it can keep a person from working or carrying out normal responsibilities at home. People with OCD may try to help themselves by avoiding situations that trigger their obsessions, or they may use alcohol or drugs to calm themselves. OCD can be accompanied by eating disorders, other anxiety disorders, or depression.
Editor: When symptoms come on suddenly or when you notice a connection with a viral or bacterial infection, the possibility of PANS/PANDAS should be considered.